Being pregnant and getting prepared for motherhood is one thing but to actually deal with all the changes after childbirth is whole another level of stressful. Being a mother is a completely different life, from lack of sleep, dealing with new responsibilities, breast pains when you are nursing.
Most new moms experience postpartum “baby blues” after giving birth, which commonly includes mood swings, crying , anxiety, and difficulty sleeping. Baby blues typically begin within the first two to three days after delivery and may last for up to two weeks.
What exactly is postpartum depression?
Severe long-lasting depression after childbirth is called postpartum depression. It is a kind of depression that occurs after having a baby. It can start any time during your baby’s first year, but it’s most common for you to start to feel its effects during the first 3 weeks after birth.
What causes postpartum depression?
1. Hormones: Your hormones go through turmoil when you are pregnant. they rise during pregnancy and after childbirth, it suddenly drops. This sudden change in the hormones triggers depression in some women.
2. History : If you have had a history of depression or if your family has a history of postpartum depression the risk of you getting postpartum depression is pretty high.
3. Stress: If you weren’t ready for the baby emotionally or financially or physically there is chance of you going through postpartum depression. If you are not being able to manage the newborn it is quite common for you to go through it too.
What are the symptoms of postpartum depression?
Symptoms usually develop within the first few weeks after giving birth, but may begin earlier, during pregnancy, or later up to a year after birth.
Postpartum depression signs and symptoms may include:
- Depressed mood or severe mood swings
- Excessive crying
- Difficulty bonding with your baby
- Withdrawing from family and friends
- Loss of appetite or eating much more than usual
- Inability to sleep (insomnia) or sleeping too much
- Overwhelming fatigue or loss of energy
- Reduced interest and pleasure in activities you used to enjoy
- Intense irritability and anger
- Fear that you’re not a good mother
- Feelings of worthlessness, shame, guilt or inadequacy
- Diminished ability to think clearly, concentrate or make decisions
- Severe anxiety and panic attacks
- Thoughts of harming yourself or your baby
- Thoughts of death or suicide
Paternal Postpartum Depression
New fathers can go through postpartum depression too. They may feel sad or fatigued, be overwhelmed, experience anxiety, or have changes in their usual eating and sleeping patterns the same symptoms mothers with postpartum depression experience.
With postpartum psychosis — a rare condition that typically develops within the first week after delivery — the signs and symptoms are severe. Signs and symptoms may include:
People with depression often don’t understand recognize it, if you see your loved one or your partner showing symptoms of postpartum depression help them seek attention immediately. And if you are facing it and not admitting it, there is nothing to embarrassed about being depressed. It is a medical condition and can be treated. Not treating is both bad for you and your new born baby.
- Confusion and disorientation
- Obsessive thoughts about your baby
- Hallucinations and delusions
- Sleep disturbances
- Excessive energy and agitation
- Attempts to harm yourself or your baby
Having depression and admitting is a long process if after childbirth you see the symptoms of postpartum depression and they aren’t quite going you should immediately see a doctor no one else but a doctor can diagnose postpartum depression. Treatment at the right time can make you and your child be in a much better condition. If you see your loved one going through it and not understanding or admitting it, request them to seek help immediatly.